With 619 kilometers distance to Tehran, and 150 kilometers to the border with the Republic of Azarbaijan, this city has kept its significant location for centuries. The name of Tabriz was mentioned first in the Asyrian king, epigraph of Sargon II in 714 BC.
During the third and the fourth centuries, Tabriz was a famous city, and it was taken as a capital for the first time by the Rewadiyan Family. Between the Rewadiyan period and the Mongols, the city had been destroyed several times due to earthquakes.
During the Mongols occupation, Tabriz was formally the capital of the Mongols kings, and during Sultan Mahmood Ghazan (694 AD) Tabriz enjoyed its golden age, and was very big and developed city.
The Alishah Mosque, the Rasheedi Quarter, and the Shanb Ghazan were constructed during this period. After the Mongols too, during the Jalayeries, the Turkomans, and the Safavids, Tabriz was the formal capital of Iran. The Kabood Mosque is of the remainings of the Turkemans period.
During the late centuries, Tabriz was also significant for its accommodation of the people's revolutions and for the great solidarity against the Ottomans and the Russian attacks. So the people of Tabriz are famous for their brave hart commanders such as Sattar Khan and Baqer Khan who were the people's commanders during the Constitution Revolution (1905). In 1920, the Aleasder Shaykh Mohammed Khyabani rebelled against the British invaders in Tabriz. and his movement resulted into the cancellation of the Iran-British treaty. And finally, during the Islamic Revolution (1978-1979) the people of Tabriz have played a significant role which resulted into the victory of the revolution