Isfahan township is located 424 km. south to Tehran. Being capital city of the province, Isfahan is situated between two mountain ranges. In the west, mountainous area run to Chahar Mahal Province and in the east there are Ghahrood and Karkas mountains. The plain area is formed by alluviums of mountainous streams and ZayandehRood river. Enjoying a mild climate, Isfahan has relatively regular seasons. Flowing through Isfahan city, Zayandeh Rood river is the most important river of the province.
In the Arsacides (Parthians) era, Isfahan was the center and capital city of a wide province which was administered by Arsacide governors. In Sassanides time, Isfahan was residence of and governed by "Espoohrans" or the members of seven noble Iranian families who had major and important royal positions. Moreover, in this period Isfahan was a military center with strong fortifications. This city was occupied by Arabs after final defeat of Iranians. After Islam, Isfahan was under domination of Arabs, like other cities of Iran, till the early 4th century AH., and it was paid attention only by Caliph Mansour. In the reign of Malekshah Saljooghi, Isfahan was again selected as capital and began another golden age. In this period, Isfahan was one of the most thriving and important cities of the world.
This city was conquered by Mongols in 639 AB. and they massacred the people. After the invasions of Mongols and Taymour, as the result of its suitable geographic situation, Isfahan flourished again especially in Safavid time which developed considerably. After selection of Isfahan as capital by Shah Abbas in the year 1000 AB. it reached to its pinnacle of briskness.
Decline of Safavid dynasty by Mahmood Afghan and conquest of Isfahan after a 6 month siege, caused a degeneration period for this city. In Afsharieh and Zandieh times it flourished again but during Ghajars reign, due to choosing Tehran as capital, Isfahan began to decline once more.
Isfahan, regarding its historical and geographic conditions, was paid attention during Pahlavi time and some endeavors were made for repair and restoration of historical monuments. Moreover, Isfahan township and the province redeveloped and industrialized rapidly. During last two decades, Isfahan developed with a very high rate of acceleration from urban development point of view, highly observing restoration of historical monuments. Today, Isfahan is one of the important tourism centers of Iran and the world.
It goes without saying that Isfahan is among the top three tourist destinations in Iran. If you are a first-time traveler to Iran, make sure the vibrant city makes its way to your itinerary.
No words can do justice to the marvel of the city and what it has to offer in terms of historical attractions and natural splendor. If you have done your homework, you might have come across the saying “Isfahan Nesfe-e Jahan” which means that Isfahan is half of the world. It might sound overblown at first but just wait until you set foot in this mesmerizing city.
You can find breathtaking masterpieces of Iranian-Islamic art and architecture, historical monuments and amazing handicrafts in Isfahan. Just pack your bags, book a visit to Isfahan and look forward to a journey which will definitely live in your memory forever!