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7 Points to Know About Nowruz In Iran

Nowruz in one word

Nowruz is the name of another Persian tradition that Iranian families have held for thousands of years at the beginning of the New Year. It is the first day of spring and it literally means a new day. Additionally, it is a fantastic, colorful festival whose wonderful rituals have been originated in Iran among native Persians.

What has remained since ancient period

Nowruz, this Iranian tradition, which has been a symbol of the new Persian year for many years, is catching up with the people. From its holidays and sweets, we should celebrate the most ancient feast of ancient Iran during the ceremony and celebrate its coming. 

Spring-Cleaning to welcome Nowruz

In ancient Iran, it was believed that no pollution from the previous year should remain on the body or the house. The new year should begin in a clean environment for family members. So Iranians get engaged with making their living environment tidy and clean. 

Saying hello to Amoo-Nowruz and Haji-Firooz

Haji Firooz is a well-known figure in Iranian folklore culture. He comes to towns and villages in the final days of the year to inform people about the new year. Haji Firooz is a lean man wearing a hat with a jacket and a sharp purse with a red robe. He plays Tombak (a traditional Iranian instrument) while dancing and singing. Everyone can pay him some money depending on his welfare. Except for Haji Firuz, another folkloric figure is also seen on the streets. He notices the coming of the New Year, known as Amoo-Nowruz. This legendary character comes along with Haji-Firooz and travels in towns and villages. His apparent features include hair and white beard, felt hat, blue silk belt, white shawl, linen trousers.

haji firooz

Last Thursday of the year

Visiting sanctuaries is another custom in Nowruz. It has long been popular among Iranians. Some put Sabzeh (a bunch of Green wheat stems, planted in a vase) and the Haft-Sin (A tradition in the Persian culture in which they spread a table with seven certain 7 things that start with Sin (the fifteenth letter in Persian alphabets) on Nowruz ceremony on the graves of their passed away relatives and friends so that the joy of the celebration could be shared with their soul.

Preparing the Haft Sin Table

The Haft Sin table is the most important Nowruz symbol in houses. Persians put seven items all starting with the letter Seen (fa) (س) in the Persian alphabet on The haft-seen table.

 The Haft-Sin table items

Sabzeh: wheat, barley, mung bean or lentil sprouts growing in a dish - symbolizing rebirth

Samanu: sweet pudding made from wheat germ – symbolizing affluence

Senjed: dried oleaster Wild Olive fruit – symbolizing love

Seer: garlic – symbolizing the medicine and health

Seeb: apple – symbolizing beauty

Somāq: sumac fruit – symbolizing (the color of) sunrise

Serkeh: vinegar – symbolizing old-age and patience

haft sin

 In addition, Koran, mirror, candle, colored egg, redfish, bread, and greens, rose water, flowers, coins, etc. are also on the table. To prepare this table, the food should be purchased and the rest of the items and elements are ready. The people of every city and country try to prepare it in the best way.

A lot of other things

There are already a lot of other things to know. We let every visitor taste it on their own. If you decided to take part in this wonderful ceremony, Touriar is honored to offer you lots of Iran tours.


Iran tours, sightseeing tours, activities & things to do – Touriar tour packages offer you opportunity to explore one of the world’s oldest civilisations, with rich culture, history and magnificent natural landscapes.